Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Actinopterygii
                        Family : Esocidae
         Scientific Name : Esox

                       Size(L) : 0.5m - 1.8m
                                       (20in - 71in)
               Water Type : Fresh
 Optimum pH Level : 6 - 8
                  Life Span : 12 - 15 years

                       Colour : Grey, Blue, 
                                      Black, White
                 Skin Type : Smooth
Distinctive Features : Elongated body
                                     and strong jaw
  1. Pikes are large, fresh-water fish found in North-America and Eurasia.
  2. They are one of the oldest species of fish, thought to be existing for the past 65 million years.
  3. Distinctively, they have and elongated body with a sharp-pointed head and have extremely sharp, pointed teeth.
  4. There are 5 species- the American Pickerels, The Northern Pike, The Muskellunge, The Chain Pickerel and The Amur Pike.
  5. They inhabit the large, slow moving rivers, lakes and streams with ample cover from reeds.
  6. They are wonderfully camouflaged in the reeds by their green-grey scales.
  7. They are quite large in size and grow between 0.5-1.8m in length, with the female pikes being bigger and heavier than their male counterparts.
  8. The female pike can spawn up to 200,000 eggs in the spring and the fry get a long time to develop before the winters.
  9. Pikes are carnivores, feeding on small fish, toads, frogs, spiders and snails.
  10. Since they are huge and aggressive, they do not have many predators in the wild.
  11. The smaller and younger pikes are preyed by large birds of prey and foxes.
  12. Over fishing and chemical pollution of water are the biggest threats faced by the pikes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *