Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Aves
                       Family : Spheniscidae
        Scientific Name : Spheniscus 

                      Size(H) : 60cm - 68cm 
                                       (24in - 27in)
                      Weight : 2kg - 5kg 
                                       (4.4lbs - 11lbs)
                  Life Span : 15 - 20 years

                      Colour : Black, White, Grey
                 Skin Type : Feathers
Distinctive Features : Pink base of beak 
                                      and black and white 
  1. Humboldt penguins are medium sized penguins found in the South American Coasts.
  2. They are closely related to the northern species of penguins like the Galapagos penguin and the African Penguins.
  3. They get their name from the cold water current that they swim in, spending most of their time.
  4. The cold water current is named after the explorer, Alexander von Humboldt.
  5. They grow to an average height of around 70cm.
  6. Distinctively, at the end of their bills, they have a pink, fleshy base.
  7. They have powerful flippers, streamlined bodies and webbed feet which help them swim with great ease.
  8. They are carnivores mainly feeding on krill, small crustaceans, fish and other marine animals.
  9. Their natural predators are large snakes, leopard seals, large sharks, killer whales and sea birds preying on their eggs.
  10. The female Humboldt Penguin lays around 2 eggs which hatch after a month long incubation.
  11. The chicks are able to take care of themselves and fledge after 2-3 months.
  12. Over fishing by humans has severely affected the Humboldt Penguins’ food supply.
  13. This along with habitat loss is the biggest threat to them making them a species, vulnerable from extinction.

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