Kingdom : Animalia
                         Class : Aves
                      Family : Spheniscidae
       Scientific Name : Eudyptula Minor

                     Size(H) : 35cm - 50cm
                                        (14in - 20in)
                     Weight : 1kg - 3kg 
                                         (2.2 - 6.6lbs)
                 Life Span : 10 - 20 years

                      Colour : Black, White,
                                      Grey, Yellow

                 Skin Type : Feathers
Distinctive Features : Small body size with
                                      blue/grey feathers
  1. As their name suggests, little penguins are the smallest species of penguins in the world.
  2. They are also known as the Fairy Penguin, the Blue Penguin and the Little blue penguin.
  3. They inhabit the coasts of New Zealand, Tasmania and Southern Australia.
  4. Distinctively, they have blue or grey feathers and white underside.
  5. They grow to an average height of 35-50cm and weigh only around 1-3kg.
  6. They defend themselves from the land-dwelling mammalian predators by being together in large colonies.
  7. They are carnivores, mainly feeding on fish and small crustaceans and occasionally on squids.
  8. Their natural predators are dogs, cats, foxes, sharks, killer whales, leopard seals and fur seals.
  9. They breed once a year and the mating pairs are known to be faithful to each other.
  10. The female little penguin lays two eggs of which only one hatches.
  11. The eggs are laid in a burrow that is dug by the female penguin and the eggs are incubated by both parents.
  12. The penguin chicks are cared for by both the parents for the first three months.
  13. The biggest threat to little penguins are the non-native carnivores that prey on them.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Top