Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Aves
                        Family : Sphenscidae
         Scientific Name : Spheniscus 
                                       Mendiculus

                       Size(H) : 48cm - 50cm 
                                        (19in - 20in)
                       Weight : 2kg - 4kg 
                                        (4.4lbs - 8.8lbs)
                   Life Span : 15 - 20 years
                       Colour : Black, White, Grey

                  Skin Type : Feathers
 Distinctive Features : Small body size and
                                      fully black head
  1. Galapagos Penguins are a small species of penguins found in the Galapagos Islands.
  2. They are the only species of penguins to live near the equator and to cross it and go to the northern hemisphere.
  3. They are the third smallest species of penguins and grow to an average height of 48-50cm.
  4. They have a black head with a white border running around their eyes, ears, chin and throat.
  5. They also have two distinct black bands across their breasts, with the lower on extending to their thighs.
  6. They are known to molt before they breed, which may be twice a year.
  7. Interestingly, though they mostly stay out of water when they molt, they are capable of going into the warm water to feed.
  8. They are carnivores feeding on krill, small crustaceans, squids and fish.
  9. They have numerous predators in crabs, snakes, owls, hawks, sharks, fur seals and sea lions.
  10. They breed once a year, on an average and the pairs are known to be faithful to each other.
  11. Typically, the female lays about two eggs, of which only one hatches.
  12. The eggs are incubated, and the chicks are looked after by both the parents till the chicks are a year old.
  13. Galapagos Penguins are endemic to the area and are unable to adapt to sudden environmental changes.
  14. Due to this, they are an endangered species today.

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