Kingdom : Animalia
                        Class : Insecta
                     Family : Formicidae
      Scientific Name : Formicidae

                    Size(L) : 2mm - 25mm 
                                      (0.08in - 1in)
 Average Life Span : 3 months 
Number of Species : 12,000

                    Colour : Brown, Black, Red
               Skin Type : Shell
    Special Features : Social insects and 
                                    pincers near the mouth
  1. An ant is a small invertebrate insect found world over except in the polar regions.
  2. Around 12,000 species of ants have been recognized so far.
  3. They are believed to have originated from wasp like creatures, a 100 million years ago.
  4. They vary in color and size depending on the species.
  5. They are very sociable and have a complex social structure where every individual has a purpose.
  6. They live in colonies.
  7. Each colony has a queen ant- The only female ant to reproduce in that colony.
  8. The queen ant lays 800-1500 eggs per day, which are fertilized by male ants in the nest.
  9. The eggs that are not fertilized, hatch to produce sterile female ants.
  10. The queen ant lives a longer life than the worker ants (average lifespan of 2 months).
  11. Apart from the queen ant, there are worker ants who gather food, nurse and care for the ant larvae.
  12. Ants are omnivores feeding on leaves, fungi, honey, nectar, small insects and dead animals.
  13. They are also preyed upon by tiny insects, reptiles, mammals and fish.
  14. Interestingly, they can lift up to 50 times their own body weight.
  15. They can also pull, more than 30 times their body weight.

 

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