Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Mammalia
                       Family : Phocidae
        Scientific Name : Mirounga

                       Size(L) : 3m - 5m (10ft - 16ft)
                       Weight : 900kg - 3,000kg 
                                     (2,000lbs  - 6,000lbs)
                 Top Speed : 19km/h (12mph)
                  Life Span : 18 - 22 years

                      Colour : Brown, Black,
                                        Tan, Grey
                 Skin Type : Fur
Distinctive Features : Long trunk-like nose 
                                      and large body
  1. Elephant Seals are the largest species of seals found in the world.
  2. There are two types- the Northern Elephant Seal and the Southern Elephant Seal.
  3. The northern Elephant seal inhabit the Pacific Ocean near Mexico, Canada and the USA.
  4. The southern elephant seal inhabits the coast of Argentina, South Africa and New Zealand.
  5. The male elephant seals grow to an average length of 5m and the females are smaller at around 3m long.
  6. The large nose of the adult male resembles an elephant’s trunk and that is why they are named as elephant seals.
  7. Their nose is called proboscis and is used to make loud roaring noise during the mating season.
  8. Their nose also allows the male elephant seal to preserve vital moisture by acting as a rebreather.
  9. Incredibly, the elephant seals are able to hold their breath underwater for up to 2 hours!
  10. They are known to dive around 500m underwater and sometimes dive up to 1500m.
  11. They are carnivores feeding on fish, squid, octopus, eels and sometimes even small sharks.
  12. The southern elephant seals also prey on small species of penguin.
  13. Their thick skin, fur and thick layer of blubber keep them warm under freezing water.
  14. They are known to molt every year and need to find land to molt.
  15. They do not molt during the mating season, as they need not fight to protect child-bearing females.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *