Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Mammalia
                       Family : Elephantidae
        Scientific Name : Elephas Maximus 

                      Size(H) : 2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
                      Weight : 3,000kg-5,000kg
                 Top Speed : 43km/h (27mph)
                  Life Span : 55 - 70 years

                      Colour : Grey, Brown, Black
                 Skin Type : Leather
Distinctive Features : Long trunk and 
                                     large feet
  1. Borneo Elephants are a sub species of the Asian Elephant.
  2. Being the smallest species of elephants they are also called the Pygmy Elephants.
  3. They are found in the Malaysian state of Sabah in Bornean island and in parts of Indonesian Kalimantan.
  4. They differ from African elephants in having smaller ears and a more curved spine.
  5. Also, the female Bornean elephants rarely have tusks, even if they have they are very small.
  6. They follow strict migratory routes which are determined by the monsoon season.
  7. They migrate between the wet and dry season and the oldest elephant of the herd remembers the migratory route.
  8. They are herbivores feeding on grass, leaves, shoots, barks, fruits, nuts and seeds.
  9. Tigers are the natural predators of the Bornean elephant calves.
  10. The female Bornean elephant gives birth to a single calf after a 22-month gestation.
  11. The elephant calf is looked after by both the parents and the other female elephants of the herd for 5 years.
  12. Humans have been known to hunt Bornean elephants for their ivory tusks.
  13. There has been severe habitat loss for them, their habitat being replaced by palm oil plantations.
  14. Human hunting and habitat loss them a critically endangered species today.
  15. With less than a 1000 Bornean elephants found in the wild.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *