Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Actinopterygii
                        Family : Paralichthyidae
         Scientific Name : Paralichthys

                        Size(L) : 12.5cm - 64cm 
                                        (5in - 25in)
                Water Type : Salt
  Optimum pH Level : 6.5 - 8.0
                   Life Span : 3 - 10 years

                       Colour : Brown, Black, Tan,
                                       White, Yellow
                  Skin Type : Scales
 Distinctive Features : Flattened body often
                                       with coloured spots
  1. Flounders are a species of flatfish found in the Northern Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
  2. They inhabit the ocean floors at depths varying from the shallow coral reefs to the deepest trenches.
  3. There are 5 species- the Japanese Flounder, The Summer Flounder, The Winter Flounder, The Southern Flounder and the European Flounder.
  4. All the species have similar appearance and vary in size, color and markings.
  5. They may grow between 5 and 25 inches in size.
  6. Their markings help them camouflage and help them in ambushing their prey and protect themselves from predators.
  7. Flounders have a round, flat body with a tail fin that is flat and medium in size.
  8. They are carnivores and are known to be highly predatory.
  9. They hide themselves on the silted and sandy sea floor and ambush their prey, when they are spotted.
  10. Flounders prey and feed on small fish, shrimps, crabs and a variety of bottom-dwelling marine animals.
  11. Their predators rarely get to spot them as they are secretive and wonderful at camouflaging themselves.
  12. Their natural predators are large fish, sharks, eels, humans and other marine mammals.
  13. They breed and fertilize their eggs through spawning.
  14. Which means that the females lay their eggs in water and the males release their sperms in water and they fertilize.
  15. After fertilization the flounder fry hatch out in 2 weeks’ time.


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