Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Actinoperygii
                       Family : Syngnathidae
        Scientific Name : Hippocampus

                      Size(L) : 2.5cm - 30cm 
                                        (0.9in - 12in)
                  Life Span : 2 - 6 years
                 Skin Type : Skin
Distinctive Features : Long snout and 
                                     brooding pouch on
                                     the male
  1. Seahorses are small vertebrates found in the shallow tropical and temperate waters of the world.
  2. There are around 32 species of seahorse recognized around the world.
  3. They are mostly found near the coral reefs with plenty of place to hide and plenty of food.
  4. They are closely related to pipe fish.
  5. Instead of scales, the seahorse has a bone structure with little plates covered with thin skin.
  6. Depending on the species they vary in color and size (from 2.5cm to 30cm long).
  7. They are able to camouflage themselves quite effectively from predators, in aquatic plants and corals.
  8. Their distinctive features to help then adapt to marine environment include the long snout for sucking in food.
  9. They have a long tail which helps them move and in anchoring them to something by wrapping the tail around.
  10. They are omnivores feeding on brine shrimp, plankton, algae and tiny species of fish.
  11. They have numerous predators in crabs, fish and rays.
  12. They are harvested in huge numbers by humans for use in medicines in the far east.
  13. They are also vulnerable to storms and bad weather and get thrown out on the shore.
  14. Interestingly, it is the male seahorse that carries the eggs before they hatch.
  15. The female seahorse lays her eggs in the male’s brooding pouch and the eggs remain there till they hatch.
  16. Due to habitat loss and over-hunting, seahorse is a highly endangered animal.

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