Kingdom : Animalia
                    Class : Mammalia
                 Family : Rhinocerotidae
  Scientific Name : Rhinoceros Sondaicus

                 Size(L) : 3.1m - 3.2m 
                                 (10ft - 10.5ft)
                 Weight : 900kg - 2,300kg
                                  (2,000lbs-5,100lbs)
           Top Speed : 42km/h (30mph)
            Life Span : 30 - 45 years

                 Colour : Brown, Grey, Black
            Skin Type : Leather
 Special Features : Hard, thick skin and 
                                only one horn
  1. Javan Rhinoceros is a smaller species of rhinoceros found in south-east Asia.
  2. They are also known as the lesser one-horned rhinoceros and the Sunda rhinoceros.
  3. They are the only species of rhinoceros apart from the Indian rhinoceros to have a single horn and are closely related to them.
  4. They use this horn (measuring around 25cm) to dig up roots and break branches for feeding and also to defend themselves.
  5. Their horn is made up of Keratin and is known to be very strong.
  6. Interestingly, their horn is used in ancient medicine and they get illegally poached for their horns.
  7. They are found only in the island of Java and Vietnam
  8. They inhabit the dense lowland rain forests, large floodplains, tall grass and reed beds with lot of rivers and mud mallows.
  9. Though they have poor eyesight, they have a very keen sense of hearing and smell.
  10. They are herbivore feeding on leaves, fruits, berries, buds, flowers and roots.
  11. Their natural predators are the wild cats which prey on the calves and the weak individuals.
  12. Humans have posed a great threat to them by poaching them extensively for their horns.
  13. Javan Rhinoceros is a solitary animal that gets together with other individuals only to mate.
  14. The females give birth to a single calf after a year-long gestation.
  15. The calves are looked after by their mothers till they are around 2 years old and are independent.
  16. Habitat loss through deforestation and human poaching have made the Javan Rhinoceros an endangered species today.

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