Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Aves
                       Family : Trochilidae
        Scientific Name : Trochilidae

                      Size(H) : 5cm - 20cm 
                                       (2in - 8in)
                Wing Span : 9cm - 26cm
                                      (4in - 10in)
                       Weight : 2.2g - 20g 
                                       (0.07oz - 0.7oz)
                 Top Speed : 48km/h (30mph)

                  Life Span : 3 - 5 years
                      Colour : Green, Brown, Tan, 
                                       Red, White, Grey
                 Skin Type : Feathers
Distinctive Features : Long, thin beak and 
                                      the ability to hover
  1. Hummingbirds are found throughout the Southern hemisphere.
  2. There are around 350 species of hummingbird found in the world.
  3. Incredibly, they can beat their wings up to 80 times a second.
  4. This enables them to hover in the air.
  5. They are the only birds which can fly backwards.
  6. They get their name from the noise that they make while hovering.
  7. The smallest humming bird species is the bee hummingbird that grows less than 5cm tall and weighs as much as a penny.
  8. The largest hummingbird is the Giant Hummingbird found in the Andes, growing to be around 20cm tall.
  9. The feed on nectar with the help of their extendible tongue and their long, pointed beak.
  10. To make up for their protein requirement, they feed on insects and spiders.
  11. Their natural predators are snakes, larger birds and lizards.
  12. Unfortunately, hummingbirds are quite vulnerable and many of them do not survive beyond their first year.
  13. The female hummingbirds build a cup-shaped nest in the trees and lay 2 colored eggs.
  14. The eggs are quite large when compared to the small size of the birds and hatch in 3 weeks’ time.
  15. Interestingly, according to some of the local myths and folklore, it was hummingbirds which brought fire to the world.
  16. The Islands of Trinidad and Tobago is known as the land of the hummingbird.

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