Kingdom : Animalia
                         Class : Actinopterygii
                      Family : Cichlidae
       Scientific Name : Symphysodon

                      Colour : Blue, Red, Green, 
                                      Yellow, Orange,
                                       Black, Brown
                 Skin Type : Scales
                      Size(L) : 20cm - 25cm 
                                        (8in - 10in)
 
                  Life Span : 8 - 15 years 
Distinctive Features : A round and colour-
                                     ful disc-like Body 
                  Fun Fact : One of the only 
                                      schooling Cichlids!
  1. Discus is a medium sized species of tropical cichlid found in South America in the Amazon Basin.
  2. There are 3 recognized species- The Green Discus, The Brown Discus and the Blue Discus.
  3. They vary in color according to the species but now a days many different colored Discus are also found in aquariums.
  4. They have a round, flattened body with large extended fins, they also have dark vertical stripes.
  5. These vertical stripes help them communicate within their school and also helps them camouflage.
  6. They get their name from their distinct, disk-like shape.
  7. They are one of the few species of cichlids found outside Africa, inhabiting soft acidic, very warm water.
  8. They are difficult to keep as pets as they are quite fussy about water conditions in artificial environment.
  9. Despite this, they are very popular aquarium species, with a major industry behind the captive breeding of discus.
  10. They peacefully coexist with other smaller fish and do not compete for food with them.
  11. They are sociable and live in large schools and are known to display very advanced behavior for cichlids.
  12. Discus tends to become aggressive while defending their territory or young and within their pair bonds.
  13. The pair bonds tend to remain together for life.
  14. The female discus lays between 80-400 eggs which are fertilized by the male and both the parents care for the fry that hatch out.
  15. Though omnivores, their diet primarily comprises protein-rich meat based food through aquatic insects, larvae and fry.
  16. Their natural predators are large marine animals and bats and birds, hunting from the sky above.
  17. Habitat loss is a major threat to discus.

 

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