Kingdom : Animalia
                   Class : Aves
                Family : Picidae
 Scientific Name : Picodae

                     Size : 8 - 58cm (3 - 23in)
         Wing Span : 12 - 61cm (4.7 - 24in)
                Weight : 7 - 600g (0.2 - 21oz)
          Top Speed : 24km/h (15mph)

           Life Span : 6 -11 years
                Colour : Black, White, Grey, 
                               Tan, Red,
                               Brown, Green
           Skin Type : Feathers
Special Features : Long, hard beak and
                                striking coloured feathers
  1. Woodpeckers are birds that are found all around the world except in polar regions, Australia and Madagascar.
  2. There are around 200 species of woodpecker in the world.
  3. They mostly inhabit the forests and woodlands, surprisingly, a few species inhabit deserts and hillsides too.
  4. The Bar-breasted Piculet is the smallest species of woodpecker growing to around 8cm tall.
  5. The Gray Salty Woodpecker is the largest woodpecker growing to about 60cm tall.
  6. They have brightly colored feathers, with the colors differing for different species.
  7. Distinctively, woodpeckers have a long beak which they use to make hole in the trees.
  8. Interestingly, they are able to peck the trees 20 times in a second.
  9. The reason they are able to peck so fast without getting a headache is because there are air pockets protecting their brain.
  10. They peck on wood to dig out the grubs living under the bark of the tree.
  11. They are omnivores feeding on seeds, berries, fruits, nuts and bugs.
  12. They have their predators in Wild cats, foxes, rats, snakes and large birds.
  13. They excavate holes in trees and often nest there.
  14. Both male and female woodpeckers build a nest and incubate the eggs laid by the female woodpecker.
  15. The eggs hatch after a 2-week incubation and the chicks are known to fledge in a month’s time.
  16. Their nests are not lined by them as the wood chippings (as a result of pecking) makes their nest soft.
  17. Habitat loss through deforestation has endangered most of the woodpecker species.

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