Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Mammalia
                       Family : Elephantidae
        Scientific Name : Elephas Maximus 

                      Size(H) : 2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
                      Weight : 3,000kg - 5,000kg 
                                      (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)
                 Top Speed : 43km/h (27mph)
                  Life Span : 55 - 70 Years

                      Colour : Grey, Brown, Black
                 Skin Type : Leather
Distinctive Features : Long trunk and
                                      large feet
  1. Sri Lankan Elephants are the largest sub species of Asian elephants found in Sri Lanka.
  2. They are very closely related to the Indian Elephants.
  3. It is believed that they arrived in Sri Lanka from South India.
  4. They differ from the African Elephants in being smaller and having a more curved spine.
  5. They also have smaller ears than the African Elephants.
  6. The female Sri Lankan Elephant usually does not have tusks, and even if she has, it is very small.
  7. The Sri Lankan Elephants follow a strict migratory route which is determined according to the monsoon season.
  8. The migration takes place between the wet and the dry seasons.
  9. The oldest Elephant of the herd is responsible for remembering the herd’s migratory route.
  10. They are known to have caused great destruction to the farmlands that were in the way of their migratory route.
  11. They are herbivore feeding on grass, leaves, nuts, seeds, fruits and also barks.
  12. They have no natural predators because of their huge size, though tigers prey on the elephant calves.
  13. The female Sri Lankan Elephant gives birth to a single calf after a 22month gestation.
  14. The elephant calves are taken care of by their mother and other female elephants of the herd.
  15. The male calves tend to leave the herd and be independent once they are 5 years old but the female calves stay on.
  16. Habitat loss and Human poaching for tusks has made the Sri Lankan Elephants an endangered species today.
  17. So much so, that their population is now restricted to a few national parks as they lose their natural habitat to crop fields.

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