Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Mammalia
                       Family : Castoridae
        Scientific Name : Castor Canadensis

                       Size(L) : 80cm - 120cm 
                                        (31in - 47in)
                       Weight : 16kg - 27kg 
                                         (35lbs - 60lbs)
                 Top Speed : 55km/h (34mph)
                  Life Span : 15 - 20 Years

                      Colour : Brown, Grey
                 Skin Type : Fur
Distinctive Features : Transparent eyelids 
                                      and big, flat tail
  1. Beavers are found in the European and North American forests.
  2. Beavers are best known for their distinctive home building in rivers and streams.
  3. They build strong dams with twigs, sticks, leaves and mud where they can swim and catch their food.
  4. Distinctively, they have transparent eyelids and big flat tails.
  5. They use their large flat tails to build their dams and swim.
  6. The beavers build one or more dams in their habitat to have deep still water to protect themselves from their predators.
  7. The dams are also used by them to float food and building materials along the river.
  8. Beavers are very good swimmers and are known to spend around 15 minutes in water at a stretch.
  9. They do not hibernate in winters but store food like logs and sticks underwater which can be consumed through the winter.
  10. They are herbivores mainly feeding on tree barks, willows and water lilies.
  11. They have their natural predators in Wolves, Bears and lynx.
  12. They have a unique way of signaling danger when frightened, they make loud noise by forcefully slapping water.
  13. This noise is heard by other beavers in and out of water and they all dive in deep for some time.
  14. Tree harvesting and flooding of waterways by beavers may interfere with human land uses.
  15. This could be a reason for hunting beavers apart from hunting them for their glands.
  16. Beaver’s glands are used by humans to make medicines and perfumes.
  17. Due to human hunting, their numbers are declining and they are considered a threatened species today.

 

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