Kingdom : Animalia
                         Class : Actinopterygii
                      Family : Osphronemidae
       Scientific Name : Betta Splendens

                      Size(L) : 6cm - 8cm 
                                      (2.4in - 3.1in)
              Water Type : Fresh
 Optimum pH Level : 6.9 - 7.2
                  Life Span : 1 - 4 years

                 Skin Type : Scales
Distinctive Features : Feisty temperament
                                      and long tail fin
  1. Siamese fighting fish are a small species of fish found in the South-East Asian Mekong river.
  2. They are believed to have originated in Thailand and are naturally found in Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.
  3. They get their name from their aggressive behavior towards smaller fish, other males and towards any perceived threat.
  4. The name comes from the Thai words “ikan bettah” which means the biting fish!
  5. Distinctively, they have small bodies with large fins which are brightly and elaborately colored.
  6. The tail fins of the males are bigger than that of the females and look very beautiful.
  7. They are carnivores, feeding on brine shrimp, insects, food particles and plankton.
  8. Their natural predators are cats, newts, salamanders, large fish and birds.
  9. Humans catch them to keep them in artificial aquariums and tanks.
  10. They are easy to keep in aquariums with only a few other fish.
  11. They are popular as they are brightly colored and beautiful.
  12. They have a short lifespan and on an average live to be only around 2-3 years old.
  13. They mate in a unique way, with the male and female Siamese fighting fish spiraling each other.
  14. Around 10-45 eggs are released and fertilized during each embrace.
  15. Interestingly, the female Siamese fighting fish is chased away, once all her eggs are fertilized.
  16. This is because the female is likely to eat the fertilized eggs.
  17. The male Siamese fighting fish keeps all the fertilized eggs in a bubble nest with great care till the eggs hatch.

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