Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Mammalia
                        Family : Elephantidae
         Scientific Name : Elephas Maximus
                                        Sumatranus

                       Size(H) : 2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
                       Weight : 3,000kg - 5,000kg 
                                       (6,500lbs - 11000lbs)
                 Top Speed : 43km/h (27mph)
                  Life Span : 55 - 70 years

                      Colour : Grey, Brown, Black
                 Skin Type : Leather
Distinctive Features : Long trunk and
                                      large feet
  1. Sumatran Elephants are a subspecies of the Asian Elephants.
  2. They are exclusively found in Sumatra, which is an Indonesian island.
  3. They differ from the African Elephants in being smaller and having a more curved spine.
  4. They also have smaller ears than the African Elephants.
  5. The female Sumatran Elephant usually does not have tusks, and even if she has, it is very small.
  6. The Sumatran Elephants follow a strict migratory route which is determined according to the monsoon season.
  7. The migration takes place between the wet and the dry seasons.
  8. The oldest Elephant of the herd is responsible for remembering the herd’s migratory route.
  9. They are known to have caused great destruction to the farmlands that were in the way of their migratory route.
  10. They are herbivore feeding on grass, leaves, nuts, seeds, fruits and also barks.
  11. They have no natural predators because of their huge size, though tigers prey on the elephant calves.
  12. The female Sumatran Elephant gives birth to a single calf after a 22month gestation.
  13. The elephant calves are taken care of by their mother and other female elephants of the herd.
  14. The male calves tend to leave the herd and be independent once they are 5 years old but the female calves stay on.
  15. Habitat loss and Human poaching for tusks has made the Sumatran Elephants a critically endangered species.
  16. So much so, that 80% of their natural habitat has been destroyed to give way to palm-oil plantations.
  17. There are only around 2,000 Sumatran Elephants that are left in the wild today.

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