Kingdom : Animalia
                     Class : Amphibia
                  Family : Dendrobatidae
   Scientific Name : Dendrobatidae

                       Size : 1.5 - 6cm (0.6 - 2.4in)
                  Weight : 2 - 7g (0.07 - 0.25oz)
            Top Speed : 17km/h (10mph)
             Life Span : 2 - 4 years

                 Colour : Green, Red, Blue, 
                                 Yellow, Orange
            Skin Type : Permeable
 Special Features : Brightly coloured 
                                body and produces 
                                high level of toxins
  1. Poison dart frogs are found in the Central and South American Jungles.
  2. There are around 175 species of poison dart frogs in the world.
  3. They have toxic glands under their skin and excrete toxins through their skin.
  4. Depending on the species, they differ in size and toxin levels.
  5. They produce really high levels of toxin, so much so that most animals fall very sick by just licking them once.
  6. They get their name as their poison was used by the local tribe people on arrows and blow darts.
  7. Thus, they are also known as poison arrow frogs or dart frogs.
  8. They are brightly colored frogs that grow to be around 1.5-6cm.
  9. They inhabit the humid and moist forest ground or the foliage above it.
  10. They are carnivores, feeding on flies, ants, spiders, termites and insects.
  11. The feed by sticking out their long, sticky tongue to catch their prey.
  12. Except for a species of snake, that is immune to the poison dart frog’s poison, there are no other predators for them.
  13. Poison dart frogs are extremely devoted to their young and are known to carry the eggs to a safe canopy.
  14. The eggs stick to the mucus secreted on the mother frog’s back and are taken up to the canopy.
  15. Once the eggs hatch, the hatchlings are carried in a flower to a water pool.
  16. The mother poison dart frog lays unfertilized eggs to feed the hatchlings.
  17. Due to high levels of pollution and habitat loss, many of the species of poison dart frogs are considered to be critically endangered.

 

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