Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Actinopterygii
                       Family : Tetraodontidae
        Scientific Name : Tetraodontidae

                       Size(L) : 17cm - 60cm  
                                       (7in - 24in)
               Water Type : Fresh, Brakish, Salt
 Optimum pH Level : 5.7 - 6.4
                  Life Span : 4 - 8 years

                      Colour : Grey, Yellow, Blue,
                                       White, Brown
                 Skin Type : Scales
Distinctive Features : Inflatable body and 
                                    sharp poisonous spikes
  1. Puffer fish are medium-sized fish found in the warm coastal water worldwide.
  2. There are around 120 species of puffer fish in the world.
  3. After the golden poison frog, puffer fish are the second most poisonous creature on earth.
  4. They are most famous for their distinctive defense mechanism.
  5. When under threat they expand their body very quickly to a remarkable size, exposing the long, poisonous spikes covering their body.
  6. The venom on their spikes is extremely toxic to animals and humans.
  7. Despite this if an animal manages to eat the puffer fish, it is likely to die.
  8. As the puffer fish releases toxins to harm its predator, just before dying.
  9. That being said, not all the species of puffer fish are poisonous.
  10. The non-toxic species are preyed upon by sharks, larger fish and also humans.
  11. In certain places in Japan, the non-toxic puffer fish are a delicacy and specially trained chef cut them so as to not harm the consumers.
  12. Depending on the species, they vary in size from being 17cm to 60cm long.
  13. The dwarf puffer fish/the pygmy puffer/the pea puffer fish is the smallest puffer fish species growing to be only an inch long.
  14. They are also known for their distinctive breeding methods with the male guiding the female to the shore to lay eggs.
  15. The eggs float on water surface and hatch after a week, leaving the underdeveloped fry, in the water.
  16. The puffer fish fries have a hard shell protecting them, till their limbs, tail and fin grow out.
  17. Once they are big and grown up enough, they join their community in the reefs below.

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