Kingdom : Animalia
Class : Urochordata
Scientific Name : Urochordata
Size : 3 - 30cm (1.2 - 11.8in)
Weight : 100 -200g (3.5 - 7oz)
Average Life Span : 7 - 30 years
Colour : Green, Red, Blue,
Yellow, Orange, Pink,
Skin Type : Permeable
Special Features : Long tube-like
- Sea squirts are immobile, marine animals found in the tropical waters worldwide.
- They are closely related to vertebrates, despite their plant-like appearance.
- There are around 3,000species of sea squirts found in the world.
- Depending on the species and their habitat, they may vary in length from 3cm-30cm.
- Their bodies are made up of a single solid structure protected by a thin membrane
- They are found in various, colors, shapes and sizes, mostly being cylindrical in shape.
- They are filter feeders, filtering food through the slits on their membrane.
- They feed on algae and plankton and also other food particles in water.
- Some of the large species are also known to trap and feed on Jellyfish and other fish,
- Their natural predators are snails, eels, crustaceans and larger fish species.
- Sea squirts are hermaphrodites, having both the male and female reproductive organs.
- Though they are capable of self-fertilizing their eggs, they rarely do so.
- They release their eggs directly in water and also release their sperms.
- The fertilized eggs become a part of plankton and the larvae hatch out.
- The larvae attach themselves to objects and grow into adults eventually.
- Their average lifespan is between 7-30 years.
- Sea squirts are considered to be a species that is threatened from extinction.