Kingdom : Animalia
                     Class : Mammalia
                  Family : Mustelidae
   Scientific Name : Mustela Erminea

                       Size : 25 - 35cm (10 - 14in)
                  Weight : 200 - 500g (7 - 17.6oz)
            Top Speed : 32km/h (20mph)
             Life Span : 4 - 6 years

                 Colour : Tan, Black, 
                                 Brown, White
            Skin Type : Fur
 Special Features : Elongated body and 
                                 very sharp teeth
  1. Stoats are small-sized mammals that are found in the northern hemisphere.
  2. They are closely related to ferrets, wolverines, badgers, otters and weasels.
  3. They inhabit the woodlands, farms, moorland, mountainous regions and coastal areas in the northern hemisphere.
  4. They are also found inhabiting the Arctic Circle.
  5. They grow to an average size of 18-32cm and weigh around 200g.
  6. On an average, they live to be around 4-5 years old.
  7. Stoats are solitary animals that come together only to breed.
  8. They are not known to be territorial, except the female stoats that become territorial during the breeding season.
  9. This could be because of the female stoats need to protect her young from intruders and predators.
  10. Though they mate in May, the embryos do not develop for many months.
  11. After the delay, when the embryos start developing, and after a month, the female stoat gives birth to 5-15 kits.
  12. The stoat kits are cared for by their mother till they become independent at 3 months.
  13. Interestingly, most female stoats give birth to only one litter during their lives.
  14. Stoats are carnivores, feeding on fish, eggs, rodents, insects, amphibians and small reptiles.
  15. They like to prey on rabbits, though rabbits are larger in size; stoats are used for rabbit pest control.
  16. Their natural predators are wild cats, foxes, dogs and large snakes.
  17. The stoats use their sharp teeth to defend themselves by biting their prey.

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