Kingdom : Animalia
                        Class : Mammalia
                     Family : Hippopotamidae
      Scientific Name : Hippopotamus 
                                      amphibius

                     Colour : Grey, Brown,
                                       Black, Pink
                Skin Type : Leather
                     Size(L) : 2m - 5m 
                                       (6.5ft - 16.5ft)
                     Weight : 1tonne - 4.5tonnes
                                      (2,200lbs -9,900lbs)

                Top Speed : 45kph (30mph)
                 Life Span : 40 - 50 years
Distinctive Features : Ears, eyes and 
                                      nostrils on top 
                                       of the head
                  Fun Fact : Has pink anti-
                                      bacterial sweat!
  1. The Hippopotamus is a large semi-aquatic animal found across the Sub-Saharan Africa.
  2. There are two species of Hippopotamus- the Common Hippopotamus and the Pygmy Hippopotamus.
  3. Surprisingly, they are very closely related to whales and are believed to have a common ancestor with them.
  4. They have a huge, grey barrel shaped body with short stocky legs with webbed toes
  5. They have huge jaws with two canine tusks which are used for fighting.
  6. They spend most of their time resting in water.
  7. Their eyes, ears and nostrils are situated on top of their heads enabling them to see, hear and breath while in water.
  8. They mostly inhabit the wetlands and land close to the grasslands where they graze at night.
  9. They move in herds of 10-20 individuals with a dominant male hippopotamus leading the herd.
  10. They are known to be aggressive and territorial animals.
  11. The female hippopotamus mates and gives birth to a calf, most of the times in water.
  12. The calves are fiercely protected by their mothers and often live with them for 7-8 years.
  13. They are herbivores mainly feeding on grass and grains.
  14. Interestingly, they do not use their tusks to eat, they use their thick lips to pluck and cheek teeth to grind.
  15. They do not sweat, so to protect them from sun and bacteria, they secrete a pink oily substance.
  16. They are known to run remarkably fast reaching top speed of 30mph, despite their enormous size.
  17. Their natural predators are Lions, Hyenas and crocodiles.
  18. Humans hunt them for their ivory tusks and that has made them a vulnerable species.

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