Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Aves
                        Family : Spheniscidae
                         Group : Bird

         Scientific Name : Spheniscus 
                                        demersus
                        Colour : Black, White, Grey
                   Skin Type : Feathers
                   Life Span : 10 -15 years

                       Size(H) : 60cm - 68cm 
                                        (24in - 27in) 
                        Weight : 2kg - 5kg 
                                        (4.4lbs - 11lbs)
                  Top Speed : 20kph (12.4mph)

 Distrinctive Feature : Pink glands above 
                                       their eyes
                    Fun Fact : The only penguin 
                                        species in Africa!
  1. African Penguins are thought to be one of the first species to be discovered.
  2. They are small- medium in size, found along the south-western African coast.
  3. They are closely related to the penguin species found along the equator.
  4. The dot-like markings on their chest are said to be unique for each penguin.
  5. Distinctively, they have pink glands above their eyes which help them keep cool.
  6. They are the only Penguin species to live in a non-freezing habitat.
  7. They are very sociable and often help in grooming each other.
  8. Adult African Penguins are known to form a bond lasting their lifetime.
  9. During courtship, they make donkey like sounds for which they are also called Jackass Penguins.
  10. After mating, the female penguin lays two eggs, with parents taking turns to incubate them.
  11. The penguin chicks stay together in groups called crèches to ward off their predators.
  12. The African Penguins hunt in deep waters and feed on marine organisms.
  13. They have predators on land and in sea because of their small size.
  14. Their eggs and chicks also fall prey to a few birds, snakes and leopards.
  15. Interestingly, their moulting process lasts around 20 days, when they don’t eat or swim.
  16. African Penguins’ eggs get stolen by humans for food.
  17. Commercial fishing and oil pollution also prove a threat to them.
  18. African Penguins are listed as an Endangered species by the IUCN.

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