Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Mammalia
                        Family : Elephantidae
         Scientific Name : Elephas Maximus
                                       Indicus

                       Size(H) : 2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
                       Weight : 3,000kg - 5,000kg 
                                     (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)  
                 Top Speed : 43km/h (27mph)
                  Life Span : 55 - 70 years

                      Colour : Grey, Brown, Black
                 Skin Type : Leather
Distinctive Features : Long trunk and 
                                      large feet
  1. Indian Elephants are one of the four sub-species of the Asian Elephant.
  2. They are also the most widely distributed subspecies of Asian Elephant.
  3. They are spread throughout the South Eastern part of Asia.
  4. Indian Elephants have been known to be domesticated for battles and foresting for hundreds of years.
  5. They are known to be extremely strong and also very friendly towards human beings.
  6. They differ from the African Elephants in being smaller and having a more curved spine.
  7. They also have smaller ears than the African Elephant.
  8. The female Indian Elephant very rarely has tusks and even if they have they are very small.
  9. The Indian Elephants follow a strict migratory route which is determined according to the monsoon season.
  10. The migration takes place between the wet and the dry seasons.
  11. The oldest Elephant of the herd is responsible for remembering the herd’s migratory route.
  12. They are known to have caused great destruction to the farmlands that were in the way of their migratory route.
  13. They are herbivore feeding on grass, leaves, nuts, seeds, fruits and also barks.
  14. They have no natural predators because of their huge size, though tigers prey on the elephant calves.
  15. The female Indian Elephant gives birth to a single calf after a 22month gestation.
  16. The elephant calves are taken care of by their mother and other female elephants of the herd.
  17. The male calves tend to leave the herd and be independent once they are 5 years old but the female calves stay on.
  18. Habitat loss and Human poaching for tusks has made the Indian Elephants an endangered species today.

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