Kingdom : Animalia
                    Class : Reptilia
                 Family : Sphenodontidae
  Scientific Name : Sphenodon Punctatus

                      Size : 70 - 80cm (28 - 31in)
                 Weight : 600 - 900g 
                                  (1.3 - 1.9 lbs)
           Top Speed : 24km/h (15mph)
            Life Span : 50 - 100 years

                Colour : Green, Brown, Grey
           Skin Type : Scales
Special Features : Crest along back and 
                                third eye on forehead
  1. Found in the islands of New Zealand, Tuataras are unique reptiles resembling lizards.
  2. They are usually brown or green and have a spiny crest on their backs.
  3. Tuataras have a third eye on top of their heads which cannot see.
  4. They live in burrows but like to come out to bask in the sun.
  5. They are mostly nocturnal, resting in daytime and hunting for food at night.
  6. Tuataras eat insects like spiders, bugs and beetles as well as small reptiles.
  7. They are known to be cannibalistic and will also eat other small tuataras.
  8. Although no external ear is seen, they can still hear pretty well.
  9. They have an incredibly long lifespan of 50 -100 years.
  10. They grow very slowly; they continue growing till they are about 30 years old.
  11. Female tuataras reproduce once every 2 – 5 years and average litter size is 12.
  12. Incubation period of tuatara’s eggs varies between 12 – 15 months.
  13. The temperature of the nesting burrow determines the gender of the baby tuataras.
  14. Colder temperatures lead to female tuataras while warm temperatures lead to males.
  15. Baby tuataras are independent and on their own as soon as they are born.
  16. The main predators of the Tuatara include cats, dogs, foxes and pigs.
  17. Tuataras are solitary and reclusive creatures who keep to themselves for the most part.
  18. Tuataras are ancient animals but today they are threatened and might become extinct soon.

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