Kingdom : Animalia
                         Class : Aves
                      Family : Spheniscidae
       Scientific Name : Eudyptes
                                      Chrysocome 
 
                     Size(H) : 45cm - 58cm 
                                     (18in - 23in)
                      Weight : 2kg - 5kg 
                                      (4.4lbs - 11lbs)
                  Life Span : 15 - 20 years 
                      Colour : Black, White, Grey

                 Skin Type : Feathers
Distinctive Features : Red beaks and eyes,
                                     with yellow head 
                                      feathers
  1. Rockhopper  penguins are the group of penguins that move around by jumping over the rocks.
  2. Instead of sliding on their bellies, they love to jump over the rocks.
  3. There are 3 species- The Western Rockhopper Penguin, The Eastern Rockhopper penguin and the Northern Rockhopper Penguins.
  4. They are classified on the basis of their geographical location.
  5. They inhabit different regions throughout the sub-Antarctic region.
  6. They look similar to the royal penguins and the macaroni penguin but are smaller in size.
  7. Distinctively, they have bright yellow eyebrows, with plumes projecting sideways.
  8. Their beaks are red or orange in color.
  9. They are excellent swimmers and are able to soar through water with their powerful flippers.
  10. Their streamlined body and webbed feet also assist them to swim.
  11. They have the adaptability and ability of inhabiting extreme environments as they are assisted by their jumping movements.
  12. They are carnivores, feeding mainly on krill, small crustaceans, fish and squid and are known to hunt in water for days together.
  13. Their natural predators are leopard seals, large sharks and killer whales.
  14. They nest on cliffs, beaches and sub Antarctic islands called rookeries.
  15. They female Rockhopper penguins lay around 2 eggs which hatch after a month-long incubation.
  16. The Rockhopper penguin chicks fledge their nest and are independent after 2-3 months.
  17. The Rockhopper penguins are greatly affected by water pollution and oil spills.
  18. All the three species are at risk, with one of them being listed as endangered.

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