Kingdom : Animalia
                   Class : Mammalia
                Family : Rhinicerotidae
 Scientific Name : Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis

                Size(L) : 2m - 2.5m (6.6ft - 8.2ft)
                Weight : 500kg - 800kg 
                                (1,100lbs - 1,760lbs)
           Top Speed : 42km/h (30mph)
            Life Span : 30 - 45 years

                Colour : Brown, Grey, Black
           Skin Type : Leather
Special Features : Small body size and
                                two horns
  1. Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest species of Rhinoceros found in the Island of Sumatra.
  2. They are also the only Asian rhinoceros species, to have two horns.
  3. They use their horns for defending themselves and intimidating their predators.
  4. They also use their horns to dig up roots and break branches for feeding
  5. The Sumatran Rhinoceros grows to an average length of 2m-2.5m.
  6. They inhabit large floodplains, cloud forests, dense lowland rainforests, tall grass and reed beds and wet, mud wallows.
  7. Though they have poor eyesight, they have excellent sense of smell and hearing.
  8. Their ears have a wide rotational range providing them an exceptional sense of hearing.
  9. They are solitary animals that come together only to breed.
  10. The female Sumatran Rhinoceros gives birth to a single calf after a year-long gestation.
  11. The calf is dependent on its mother for the first two years after which it is able to fend for itself.
  12. They are herbivores, feeding on leaves, buds, fruits, flowers and roots.
  13. Due to their large size they do not have any natural predators.
  14. Tigers and other wild cats prey on weak individuals and rhino calves.
  15. Humans have extensively hunted them, illegally, for their horns.
  16. The Sumatran Rhinoceros falls as an easy prey as they have two horns and are of a relatively small size.
  17. Their horns are made of keratin and are used in ancient medicines.
  18. This, along with habitat loss through rampant deforestation has made the Sumatran Rhinoceros a critically endangered species.
  19. There are only around 300 individuals left in the wild.

 

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